Sade in Italy: Deconsecrating Art. Parody Forms and Ekphrasis

David Matteini

Abstract


This article analyses the parody procedures employed by the Marquis de Sade in descriptions of works of art (ekphrasis) that are found in the little-known Voyage d’Italie, account of a trip to Italy that the author made in 1775 to escape the persecution of French police. Unpublished until the nineteen sixties, nor taken into account in critical studies, this travel diary provides precious insight into many philosophical and aesthetic categories that were commonly discussed in debates in the pre-Revolutionary period. Following a substantial but fundamental section on the meagre literature about the Voyage, this essay focuses on only a few passages concerning ekphrasis in Sade’s work, enough to show how parody and satire were essential rhetorical conditions in order for the author to overturn the transcendent meaning of the works of arts as it was imposed by the Christian/Neo-platonic aesthetic tradition, which was still ruling on the intellectual milieu of the eighteenth-century grandtouristes. In accordance with the most radical tendencies of the Enlightenment - Diderot’s materialism and Shaftesbury’s philosophy of “wit” provide a good example -, in his literary debut Sade offers an ingenious and inventive framework that is well ahead of his times and, therefore, deserves further examination.


Keywords


Sade; Italy; Journey; Parody; Ekphrasis; Rome

Full Text:

PDF (Italiano)

References


Abramovici, Jean-Christophe, “Comprendre en l’art sa violence: le “Voyage d’Italie” de Sade”, Art et violence. Vies d’artistes entre XVIe et XVIIIe siècles Italie, France, Angleterre, Ed.René Démoris, Florence Ferran, Corinne Lucas-Fiorato, Paris, Desjonquères, 2012: 84-95.

Baccolo, Luigi, Che cosa ha “veramente” detto de Sade, Roma, Ubaldini, 1970.

Barba, Vincenzo, Interpretazioni di Sade, Roma, Savelli, 1979.

Barthes, Roland, “L’arbre du crime”, Tel Quel, 28 (1967).

Bataille, Georges, La Littérature et le Mal (1957), Paris, Gallimard, 1990.

Bodart, Didier, “À propos du “Voyage d’Italie” du marquis de Sade”, Revue des archéologues et historiens d’art de Louvain, IV (1971): 235-241.

Brilli, Attilio, Il grande racconto del viaggio in Italia. Itinerari di ieri per viaggiatori di oggi, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2014.

Id., Il Viaggio in Italia. Storia di una grande tradizione culturale, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2006.

Id., Quando viaggiare era un'arte. Il romanzo del Grand Tour, Bologna, Il Mulino, 1995.

Cantafio Casamaggi, Valerio – St-Martin, Armelle, Sade et l’Italie, Paris, Desjonquères, 2010.

Delon, Michel, “Portrait de l’artiste en assassin. Note sur Sade et Michel-Ange”, Lendemains, 63 (1991): 57-60.

Id., Catalogue d’exposition “Sade, un Athée en Amour”. Genève, Fondation Martin Bodmer. 6 décembre 2014 12 avril 2015, Paris, Albin Michel, 2014.

Id., Les vies de Sade, Paris, Textuel, 2007.

D’Alembert, Jean Le Rond – Diderot, Denis (eds.), Encyclopédie ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences et des métiers. Nouvelle impression en facsimilé de la première édition de 1751-1780, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, Friedrich Frommann Verlag, 1966.

Gillet, Jean, “Sade et la décadence italienne”, Romantisme, 42 (1983): 77-89.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang, Italienische Reise (1813-1818), Goethes Werke, Hamburger Ausgabe in 14 Bänden, Ed. Erich Trunz, München, C.H. Beck, 1983-2008.

Hersant, Yves, Italies. Anthologie des voyageurs français aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècle, Paris, Robert Laffont, 1988.

Le Brun, Annie, Catalogue d’exposition “Sade. Attaquer le soleil”. Paris, musée d’Orsay. 14 octobre 2014 25 janvier 2015, Paris, Gallimard, 2014.

Id., Les châteaux de la subversion, Paris, Garnier, 1982.

Montesquieu, Essai sur le goût (1757), Ed. Éloïse Lièvre, Paris, Gallimard, 2010.

Onorati, Franco, “Un viaggio e il suo doppio. Il soggiorno romano del marchese de Sade”, Strenna dei romanisti, (1993): 265-286.

Sade, Donatien Alphonse François de Sade, Voyage d’Italie, Ed. Maurice Lever, Paris, Fayard, 1995, trad. it. Viaggio in Italia, Ed. Bruno Cagli, Roma, Newton Compton, 1974 e Viaggio in Italia, Ed. Carlo Pasi, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri, 1996.

Id., Veneri cristiane e barbari italiani. Osservazioni sull'Italia del Divino Marchese, Ed. Violetta Candiani, Roma, Biblioteca del Vascello, 1991.

Id., Voyage à Naples, Ed. Chantal Thomas, Paris, Payot & Rivages, 2008.

Id., Œuvres complètes, Ed. Gilbert Lély, Paris, Tchou, Au cercle du livre précieux, 1967.

Id., Œuvres, Ed. Michel Delon, Paris, Bibliothèque de la Pléiade, Gallimard, 1998: 1361-1384.

Shaftesbury, A Letter concerning Enthusiasm (1708), trad. it. Lettera sull’entusiasmo, Ed. Paola Zanardi e Cristina Paoletti, Pisa, ETS, 2014.

Sollers, Philippe, Sade contre l’Être Suprème, Paris, Gallimard, 1996.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13125/2039-6597/2192

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunica-18909

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Between Journal is published by the University of Cagliari - Maintenance for this OJS installation is provided by UniCA  Open Journals, hosted by Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo.

Between Journal is published with the funding of the Bank of Sardinia Foundation.

ISSN 2039-6597

CC-By lockssDOAJ seal SPARC Europe