The fool, the androgynous and the hybrid: grotesque and carnivalesque elements in The Incal by Jodorowsky and Moebius

Antonella Di Nobile

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to identify, by means of an analysis based on Bachtin’s works, the grotesque and carnivalesque elements of the popular comic culture in Jodorowsky and Moebius The Incal, in order to fully understand the message it is trying to convey. The analysis is primarily focused on three principal characters (grotesque figures par excellence) to establish a comparison between The Incal’s world and the Medieval carnival. In order to demonstrate Bachtin’s theory of ‘the dual body’ as “growth and immortality of the human rac”’, as “mankind’s historic progress”(Bakhtin, 1984: 324), the study proceeds by analysing the graphical and linguistical images of the “material bodily lower stratum” related to ‘scatological substances’, to the themes of ‘semen-fecundity’, ‘splitting of the body’, ‘aging’ and ‘pregnant death’. The result of the analysis is the identification of a positive and utopic message in a social satire based on a dystopian-science fiction narration.

Keywords


The Incal; Jodorowsky; grotesque; carnival; science-fiction

Full Text:

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References


Bachtin, Michail, Tvorčestvo Fransua Rable i narodnaja kul'tura srednevekov'ja i Renessansa (1965), trad. it. L'opera di Rabelais e la cultura popolare, Riso, carnevale e festa nella tradizione medievale e rinascimentale, Torino, Einaudi, 1979.

Barbieri, Daniele, Breve storia della letteratura a fumetti, Roma, Carocci, 2009.

Chastel, André, La grotesque, Paris, Éditions Gallimard, 1991.

Guénon, René, Symboles de la Science sacrée, Paris, Gallimard, 1962.

Jodorowsky, Alejandro – Moebius, L’Incal (1981-1988), trad. it. L’Incal, Roma, Magic Press, 2012.

Jodorowsky, Alejandro – Costa, Marianne, La Via del Tarot (2004), trad. it. di Michela Finassi Parolo, La Via dei Tarocchi, Milano, Feltrinelli, 2014.

Kress, Gunter – van Leeuwen, Theo, Reading images. The grammar of visual design, London – New York, Routledge, 1996.

Kris, Ernst, Psychoanalytic Explorations in Art (1952), trad. it. di Elvio Fachinelli, Ricerche psicoanalitiche sull’arte, Torino, Einaudi, 1967.

Sitography

La Vida, El Alma, El Amor,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b_IEHyn2_jI, web, (ultimo accesso 27/04/2016).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13125/2039-6597/2184

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunica-20263

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