Pasolini between URSS and USA: The Italian Intellectual during the Cold War years

Francesco Chianese

Abstract


This article focuses on the modalities Pier Paolo Pasolini questioned the influence of the culture of the United States and of Soviet Union during the Cold War Years, in order to find a new model of Italian intellectual, and then refused the models proposed by both the countries. It analyses the production of the author concerning the period between 1965 and 1969.

It is demonstrated that in the works written the period considered and the following works that referred to that period, Pasolini embodied an ambivalent position, which can be referred to the “multistable figure” model theorized by Cristopher Holzhey (2010 and 2013). He held at the same time both the cultural models, and then denounced the failure of them both. The demonstration is carried out through a comparative reading of critical texts devoted to Cold War, to intellectual engagement, to ambivalence, to Pasolini’s work, and nonetheless Pasolini’s texts.

The result achieved is a demonstration of how, through his ambivalent position, Pasolini embodied the disorientation of the Italian intellectual, and of the country as a whole, during the period considered: an oscillation between the influence of the two cultural models during the 1960s that turned into the need to overcome them before the beginning of 1970s.


Keywords


Pasolini; USSR; USA; ambivalence; intellectual engagement

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13125/2039-6597/1699

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunica-16919

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