Truth of fiction versus truth in fiction

  • Marie-Laure Ryan Independent scholar
Keywords: Fiction, Truth, Narrative worlds, Hybrid texts, Gradual vs. binary theories


Literary experiments that combine verifiable statements and fictional invention have led to the often-expressed opinion that the border between fact and fiction is collapsing. In a time when concepts such as post-truth and truthiness threaten to replace the distinction between fact and fiction with panfictionality, it is imperative to find a way to accommodate hybrid texts without sacrificing the border. This article explores different levels of truth in fictional texts, from truth of fiction to truth in fiction, as well as different ways to deal with hybrid texts, from continuum-based models to binary models, and to models allowing an overlap between fact and fiction.



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Author Biography

Marie-Laure Ryan, Independent scholar
Marie-Laure Ryan is an independent scholar working in the areas of narratology, media studies and digital textuality. Her most recent book (co-edited with Alice Bell) is Possible Worlds Theory and Contemporary Narratology.


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How to Cite
Ryan, M.-L. (2019). Truth of fiction <em>versus</em&gt; truth in fiction. Between, 9(18).