Digital Literary and Cultural Studies: State of the Art and Perspectives
AbstractOver the last decade Digital Humanities has ceased being a “niche discipline” and have become a major phenomenon in academic and cultural debate. Significant scientific results and outcomes have been achieved, and fundamental research infrastructures have been realized. Despite these far-reaching outcomes, Digital Humanities still does not have a satisfactory influence in the traditional disciplinary fields. We need to find new methods to deal with cultural artifacts and texts. Amongst the many emerging research fields in the DH, two come forth as the most promising and interesting: Big Data and distant reading; Semantic Web and Linked Open Data. In my paper I will argue that Big Data in the Humanities, although very promising, have some critical issues, and I will propose the idea of a Semantic Cultural and Literary Web, a collaborative infrastructure based on ontology driven semantic annotation of primary resources.
Antoniou, G., Van Harmelen, F., A semantic Web primer, Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 2008.
Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., Lassila, O. «The Semantic Web», Scientific American, 284, 5, 2001, pp. 34–43.
Bizer, C., Heath, T., Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space, «Synthesis Lectures on the Semantic Web: Theory and Technology», I, 1, 2011.
Burdick, A., Drucker, J., Lunenfeld, P., Presner, T., Schnapp, J. Digital_Humanities, Cambridge, MIT Press, 2012.
Ciotti, F., “La rappresentazione digitale del testo: il paradigma del markup e i suoi sviluppi”, La Macchina nel Tempo: Studi di informatica umanistica in onore di Tito Orlandi, Perilli, L., Fiormonte D. (eds), Firenze, Le Lettere, 2011.
Crotty, D., “Nevermind the Data, Where are the Protocols?”, The Scholarly Kitchen, November 8, 2014, http://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2014/11/18/nevermind-the-data-where-are-the-protocols (last access 14/12/2014).
Culler, J., Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997.
Dennet, D., “The Interpretation of Texts, People and Other Artifacts”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, L, Supplement, 177-194, 1990, reprinted in Losonsky, M., (ed.), Language and Mind: Contemporary, Readings in Philosopohy and Cognitive Science, Oxford, Blackwells, 1995.
Di Noia, T., De Virgilio, R., Di Sciascio, E., Donini, F. M., Semantic Web. Tra Ontologie e Open Data, Milano, Apogeo, 2013.
Gruber, T. R., “Ontology”, Encyclopedia of Database Systems, Springer-Verlag, 2009.
Hirsch, E.D., Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1987.
Jockers, Matthew L., Macroanalysis: Digital Methods and Literary History. Champaign, University of Illinois Press, 2013.
Lotman, J., Struttura del testo poetico, II ed., Milan, Mursia, 1990 (Struktura chudozestvennogo teksta, Moskva, Iskusstvo, 1970).
Moretti, F., Distant Reading, London, Verso, 2013.
Underwood, T. “Topic Modeling Made Just Simple Enough”, The Stone and the Shell, April 7, 2012, http://tedunderwood.com/2012/04/07/topic-modeling-made-just-simple-enough (last access 14/12/2014).
Unsworth, J., “Tool-Time, or ‘Haven’t We Been Here Already?’ Ten Years in Humanities Computing”, paper presented at the conference Transforming Disciplines: The Humanities and Computer Science, Washington, DC, 17-18 January 2003, http://people.brandeis.edu/~unsworth/carnegie-ninch.03.html (last access 14/12/2014).
Zöllner-Weber, A., «Ontologies and Logic Reasoning as Tools in Humanities?», Digital Humanities Quarterly, III, 4, 2009, http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/3/4/000068/000068.html (last access 14/12/2014).
You are free to copy, distribute and transmit the work, and to adapt the work. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).