Reading the World, creating Worlds: Possible Worlds in fantasy

Orsetta Innocenti

Abstract


This paper – which has been developed within a dialogue with Simona Micali’s one, regarding possible worlds within science fiction – aims at investigating those narrative strategies engaged in the processes of world building and construction of meaning in fantasy. Within such a frame, all the typical mechanisms related to the act of reading and to the act of make-believe will be also taken into account. The analysis focuses onto Ende’s Neverending Story, which is interpreted through a confrontation both with Wolfgang Iser’s theory about the act of reading, considered as a phenomenological act, and with Tolkien’s primary fantasy model of The Lord of the Rings. Starting from these premises, the paper also suggests a possible theoretical model of textual cooperation reader-author within the specific literary genre of fantasy.


Keywords


Possible worlds; Fantasy; Act of reading; Ende; Iser; Tolkien

Full Text:

PDF (Italiano)

References


Bertoni, Federico, Il testo a quattro mani, Firenze, La Nuova Italia, 1996.

Id., “Il genio e l’automa. Per un’idea di letteratura”, Studi di letterature comparate in onore di Remo Ceserani, II, Ed. Pierluigi Pellini, Manziana, Vecchiarelli, 2003: 281-304.

Brooks, Peter, Trame: intenzionalità e progetto nel discorso narrativo, Torino, Einaudi, 1995.

Calvino, Italo, Se una notte d’inverno un viaggiatore (1979), in Id., Romanzi e racconti, 2, Eds. Mario Barenghi - Bruno Falcetto, Milano, Mondadori, 1992: 611-870.

Calvino, Italo, “Cibernetica e fantasmi” (1967), Saggi, 1, Milano, Mondadori, 1999: 205-25.

Eco, Umberto, Lector in fabula, Milano, Bompiani, 1979.

Ende, Michael, Die unendliche Geschichte (1979), trad. it. La storia infinita, Ed. Amina Pandolfi, Longanesi, Milano, 1981.

Ferrario, Marcello, “Libri, lettori e pericoli nella saga di Harry Potter”, CentoPagine, IV (2002): 27-38.

Genette, Gérard, Soglie: i dintorni del testo, Torino, Einaudi, 1989.

Innocenti, Orsetta, “Leggere un destino narrativo. Profezie tra le righe e il caso di Harry Potter”, Leggere l’adolescenza, Ed. Barbara Peroni, Milano, Edizioni Unicopli, 2008a: 179-216.

Id., “The Magic of Make-Believe: Reading, Plots and Protagonists in the Harry Potter Series”, LiCuS. Journal of Literary Theory and Cultural Studies, 3 (2008b): 35-52.

Iser, Wolfgang, “The Reading Process: a Phenomenological Approach”, New Literary History, 3.2 (1972): 279-99.

Id., L’atto della lettura: una teoria della risposta estetica, Bologna, Il Mulino, 1987.

Kirchbaum, Jörg, Ende, Michael, Archäologie der Dunkelheit – Gespräche über Kunst und das Werk des Malers Edgar Ende, Stuttgart, Verlag, 1985.

Kocher, Paul Harold, Master of Middle-earth. The Achievement of J.R.R. Tolkien, London, Thames and Hudson, 1972.

Tolkien, John, Ronald, Reul, The Lord of the Rings (1954-1955), trad. It. Il signore degli anelli, Ed. Quirino Principe, Milano, Rusconi, 1966.

Id., “On Fairy Stories”, The Monsters, the Critics and other Essays, London, Harper Collins, 1990.

Walton, Kendall, Mimesis and Make-Believe. On the Foundations of Representational Arts, Cambridge, Mass. - London, Harvard University Press, 1990.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13125/2039-6597/3741

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunica-25595

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Between Journal is published by the University of Cagliari - Maintenance for this OJS installation is provided by UniCA  Open Journals, hosted by Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo.

Between Journal is published with the funding of the Bank of Sardinia Foundation.

ISSN 2039-6597

CC-By lockssDOAJ seal SPARC Europe