Women Dressed as Turkish: Oriental Disguises in Italian and French Drama between the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

Stefano Agostino Moretti

Abstract


From centuries back and still today, the Mediterranean Sea represents the frontline between two worlds. The aim of this paper is to show how, during the Renaissance, Italy became the geographical and cultural bridge between these two worlds. Thanks to the methods of contemporary history, the attention paid to everyday life, sexuality, and “corporal archives”, we are able to make an unexpected discovery: that in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, encounters between Muslims and Christians were frequent and often pleasant.

Among the range of European literary genres, Italian comic drama was the first and best suited to describe this new phenomenon, with all its implications of politics, religion, and identity, and therein restoring one of the most unspoken and censured features, the uncanny eroticism of that which is “different”.

By comparing several plays written in Italy in the first half of the seventeenth century with the “orientalistic” theatre of Bonarelli, Molière, and Goldoni, we observe the birth and growth of a stereotyped and bookish vision of the other in which “Turkish outfits” incited fear and desire the audience. One symptom of the rising of Orientalism is the role played by “Turks in disguise”. During the Renaissance, theatrical camouflage had a very strong hold on the audience. Less than a century later, in Molière’s and Goldoni’s plays, however, those powerful garments became ridiculous, stereotyping, and uncomfortable costumes.


Keywords


Renaissance Drama; Islam; Sexual Identity; Camouflage; Orientalism

Full Text:

PDF (Italiano)

References


Bibliografia

Andreini, Giovan Battista, Amor nello specchio (1622), Eds. Salvatore Maira - Anna Maria Borracci, Roma, Bulzoni, 1997.

Andreini, Giovan Battista, La Sultana, Parigi, Nicolas della Vigna, 1622.

Andreini, Giovan Battista, Lo schiavetto, Milano, Pandolfo Malatesta, 1612.

Andreini, Giovan Battista, La turca, Comedia Boscareccia et Maritima, Casale, Pantaleone Goffi, 1611.

Bonarelli della Rovere, Prospero, Il Solimano. Tragedia, con due lettere dell’autore, Roma, per Francesco Corbelletti, 1632.

Carlotto, Massimo, Cristiani di Allah, Roma, Edizioni e/o, 2008.

Cecchini, Pier Maria, La Flaminia Schiava, Venezia, Antonio Somascho, 1612.

Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, Don Chisciotte della Mancia, Ed. Cesare Segre - Donatella Moro Pini, trad. it. Ferdinando Carlesi, Milano, Mondadori, 1974.

Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, Teatro completo, Eds. Florencio Sevilla Arroyo - Antonio Rey Hazas, Barcelona, Planeta, 1987.

della Porta, Giambattista, Teatro, vol. III, Le Commedie (secondo gruppo), Ed. Raffaele Sirri, Napoli, Istituto Universitario Orientale, 1985.

Ferrone, Siro, Attori mercanti corsari. La Commedia dell’Arte in Europa tra Cinque e Seicento, Torino, Einaudi, 1993.

Fido, Franco, "L’Oriente sui palcoscenici del Settecento: età dell’innocenza?", L’Oriente. Storia di una figura nelle arti occidentali (1700-2000), Eds. Paolo Amalfitano - Loretta Innocenti, Roma, Bulzoni, 2007.

Goldoni, Carlo, Opere di Carlo Goldoni, Ed. Giuseppe Ortolani, Milano, Mondadori, 1950.

Gozzi, Carlo, Memorie inutili, Ed. Domenico Bulferetti, Torino, UTET, 1923.

Loredano, Giovan Francesco, La Turca, Venezia, Libraria della Speranza, 1597.

Martino, Pierre, L’Orient dans la littérature française au XVIIe et au XVIIIe siècle, Paris, Hachette, 1906.

Pianelli, Giovan Battista, I falsi mori, Firenze, 1638.

Podestà, Francesco, "L’isola di Tabarca e le pescherie di corallo nel mare circostante", Atti della Società Ligure di Storia Patria, vol. XIII, fasc. V, 1884.

Jouanny, Robert, "Notice", in Molière (Poquelin, Jean-Baptist), Oeuvres complètes, Paris, Garnier, 1962, II: 431-432.

Quazza, Romolo, Margherita di Savoia duchessa di Mantova e vice-regina del Portogallo, Torino - Milano - Firenze, Paravia, 1930.

Remotti,Francesco, Contro l’identità, Bari, Laterza, 1996.

Ricci, Giovanni, Ossessione turca. In una retrovia cristiana dell’Europa moderna, Bologna, il Mulino, 2002.

Ricci, Giovanni, I turchi alle porte, Bologna, il Mulino, 2008.

Spitzer, Leo, Cinque saggi di ispanistica, Torino, Giapichelli, 1962.

Villifranchi, Giovanni, La fida turca, Firenze, Zanobi Pignoni, 1614.

Wolff, Larry, Venice and the Slavs. The discovery of Dalmatia in the Age of Enlightenment, Stanford, SUP, 2001.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13125/2039-6597/314

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunica-17602

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Between Journal is published by the University of Cagliari - Maintenance for this OJS installation is provided by UniCA  Open Journals, hosted by Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo.

Between Journal is published with the funding of the Bank of Sardinia Foundation.

ISSN 2039-6597

CC-By lockssDOAJ seal SPARC Europe