The Tragic Before the Tragic

Enrica Zanin

Abstract


It is generally assumed that the tragic becomes a philosophical theory at the end of the eighteenth century, when Schelling and Hegel consider a genre (the tragedy) and draw from it a philosophical thought (the tragic). Before then, writes Szondi, there was no theory of the tragic, but only a poetics of the tragedy. I do not wish to criticize this assumption but rather to show that, before the philosophy of the tragic, there was an idea of the tragic (though fragmented and non systematic) that influenced and prepared its theory. In this paper, I will study its origins and its development through the analysis of the early modern uses of the words tragedy and tragic.


Keywords


Early Modern Tragedy; Poetics; Tragic Ending;

Full Text:

PDF (Italiano)

References


Accademici della crusca, Vocabolario, Firenze, Stamperia dell’Accademia della crusca, 1691 (terza edizione).

Aristotele, Dell'arte poetica, Ed. Carlo Gallavotti, Milano, Mondadori, Fondazione Lorenzo Valla, 2010.

Id., Poétique, Ed. Roselyne Dupont-Roc e Jean Lallot, Paris, Les éditions du Seuil, 1980.

Aubigné, Agrippa de, Histoire universelle (1616), vol. 9, Ed. A. Thierry, Genève, Droz, 1995.

Id., Le Printemps, stances et odes, Genève, Droz, 1973.

Id., Les Tragiques (1616), Ed. Frank Lestringant, Paris, Poésie Gallimard, 1995.

Bacon, Francis, History of the Reign of King Henry VII (1629) in The Works of Francis Bacon, Ed. James Spedding et al., Cambridge, Cambridge UP, 2011, vol. 6.

Bellings, Richard, Appended Poems, in Sixth Booke to the Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia, Dublin, Society of Stationers, 1624.

Benjamin, Walter, Ursprung des deutschen Trauerspiels, Frankfurt am Main, Suhrkamp Verlag, 1963.

Bernard de Cluny, De Contemptu mundi, Ed. Ronald E. Pepin, Michigan, East Lansing, Colleagues Press, 1991.

Boaistuau, Pierre, Le Théâtre du monde: 1558, Ed. Michel Simonin, Genève, Droz, 1981.

Boezio, Severino, La consolazione della filosofia, Ed. Claudio Moreschini, UTET, Torino, 1994.

Céard, Jean, “Tragique et tragédie chez Agrippa d’Aubigné”, Tragedia e sentimento del tragico nella letteratura francese del Cinquecento, Firenze, Olschki, 1990: 245-257.

Cervantes, Miguel de, Los Baños de Argel (1615), Ed. Jean Canavaggio, Madrid, Tauros, 1992.

Cools Arthur et al. (ed.), The Locus of Tragedy, Leiden, Brill, 2008.

Crichley, Simon, Very Little... Almost Nothing: Death, Philosophy, Literature, London, New York, Routledge, 1997 e 2004.

Curtius, Ernst Robert, Europäische Literatur und lateinisches Mittelalter (1948), Tübingen-Basel, Francke, 1993.

Diomede, Ars grammatica, in Grammatici Latini, Ed. Henrich Kiel, vol. 1, Leipzig, Teubner, 1857.

Dupont, Florence, Le Théâtre latin, Paris, Colin, 1988.

Eagleton, Terry, Sweet Violence, the Idea of Tragic, Oxford, Blackwell, 2003.

Evanthius, De Fabula, Ed. Giovanni Cupaiolo, Napoli, Società editrice napoletana, 1979.

Faccioli, Erica (ed.), La dimensione del tragico nella cultura moderna e contemporanea, Roma, UniversItalia, 2014.

Gentili Carlo e Gianluca Garelli, Il tragico, Bologna, il Mulino, 2010.

Guillaume de Conches, Super Librum Boecii de Consolacione, British Library ms. Royal 15 B 3, circa 1120.

Habanc, Vérité, Nouvelles Histoires tant tragiques que comiques (1585), Ed. J-C. Arnould et R. A. Carr, Genève, Droz, 1989.

Hegel, Georg W. F., Über die wissenschaftlichen Behandlungsarten des Naturrechts, Paris, Vrin, 1972.

Hühn Lore - Philipp Schwab (dir.), Die Philosophie des Tragischen, Berlin-Boston, Walter de Gruyter, 2011.

Isidoro di Siviglia, Etymologiae, Ed. Wallace Martin Lindsay, Oxford, Oxford UP, 1991.

John of Salisbury, Policraticus, Ed. K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Turnholt, Brepols, 1993.

Johnson, Samuel, A Dictionary of the English Language, London, Strahan, 1755.

Kelly, Henry A., Ideas and Forms of Tragedy from Aristotle to the Middle Ages, Cambridge, Cambridge UP, 1993.

Kozak, Krištof J., Contemporary Tragedy: the Tragic Subject in B.-M. Koltès, S. Pollock and D. Greig, Paris, Champion, 2015.

La Mesnardière, Hippolyte Jules Pilet de, La Poétique (1640), Ed. Jean-Marc Civardi, Paris, Champion, 2015.

Leonard, Miriam, Tragic Modernities, Cambridge (Mass.), Harvard UP, 2015.

Lope de Vega, Félix, El duque de Viseo (1615), Ed. Manuel Calderón, in Comedias de Lope de Vega, Parte VI, Lérida, Milenio-Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2005, t. 2: 1031-1160.

Navaud, Guillaume, Persona: La pensée du théâtre de Socrate à Shakespeare, Genève, Droz, 2011.

Maggi, Vincenzo e Bartolomeo Lombardi, In Aristoteles librum de Poe- tica communes explanationes, Venezia, officina erasmiana vincentii, 1550.

Matos Fragoso, Juan de, El traydor contra su sangre (1658), Valence, los hermanos de Orga, 1793.

Montaigne, Michel de, “De la phisionomie”, Les Essais, III,12 (circa 1588-1592), Ed. Pierre Villey, Paris, Puf, 2004.

Pastore-Stocchi, Manlio, “Seneca poeta tragicus”, Les Tragédies de Sénèque et le théâtre de la Renaissance, Paris, CNRS, 1964: 11-36.

Piccolomini, Alessandro, Annotazioni nel libro della Poetica di Aristotele (1572), Venezia, Giovanni Guarisco, 1575.

Platone, Filebo, in Dialoghi filosofici, Ed. Giuseppe Cambiano, Torino, Utet, 2013.

Plutarco, Vita di Demostene in Vite parallele, Ed. Antonio Traglia e Domenico Magnino, Torino, Utet, 2006, vol. 2.

Real Academia española, Diccionario de la lengua castellana, Madrid, Francisco de Hierro, 1726-1739.

Richelet, Pierre, Dictionnaire français, Genève, Widerhold, 1680.

Rosset, Clément, La Philosophie du tragique, Paris, Puf, 1960.

Rosset, François, Histoires tragiques de notre temps, Paris, François Huby, 1614.

Id., Les Histoires mémorables et tragiques de ce temps (1619), Paris, Livre de Poche, 1994.

Rossi, Nicolò, Discorsi intorno alla tragedia (1590), in Trattati di poetica e di retorica del Cinquecento, vol. 4, Ed. Bernard Weinberg, Bari, Laterza, 1974, p. 59-120.

Savettieri, Cristina, “Una genealogia per il tragico”, Moderna, 16, n. 1-2 (2014): 29-48.

Schelling, Friedrich W.J., Philosophie der Kunst, Ed. M. Schröter, Werke, vol. 3, Munich, Beck, 1959.

Segni, Bernardo, Rettorica e Poetica d’Aristotile tradotte di greco in lingua vulgare, Florence, Torrentino, 1549.

Sidney, Sir Philip, The Countess Pembroke’s Arcadia, Ed. Maurice Evans, London, Penguin, 2007.

Spenser, Edmund, Complaints (1591), in Complete Poetical Works, Ed. Ernest De Selincourt, Oxford, Oxford UP, 1970.

Spingarn, Joel Elias, A History of Literary Criticism in the Renaissance, New York, Macmillan, 1899.

Szondi, Peter, Versuch über das Tragische, Frankfurt am Main, Insel-Verlag, 1961.

Toscanella, Orazio, Precetti necessarii… (1562), Venezia, Lodovico Avanzo, 1613 .

Viperano, Antonio, De Poetica libri tres, Anvers, Christophe Plantin, 1579.

Yates, Frances, Theatre of the World, London, Routledge e Paul Kegan, 1969.

Zanin, Enrica, Fins tragiques, Genève, Droz, 2014.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13125/2039-6597/2764

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunica-21509

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Between Journal is published by the University of Cagliari - Maintenance for this OJS installation is provided by UniCA  Open Journals, hosted by Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo.

Between Journal is published with the funding of the Bank of Sardinia Foundation.

ISSN 2039-6597

CC-By lockssDOAJ seal SPARC Europe