Time and Space in J. G. Ballard's Chronopolis

Ignazio Sanna

Abstract


Time and space are two of the main features in Ballard’s fiction. They are also the main topic in this short story. In Chronopolis the measurement of time is forbidden. When the story’s main character, Newman, discovers the existence of clocks, he decides to defy the law to restore the previous condition. In doing so he moves from the city he used to live in to the old forsaken city. So, he moves both in time and space. He pursues the utopia of liberating time, and man, from the Orwellian prohibition of dealing with linear time. But he fails eventually, being imprisoned for having tried to break free from the State control of time. His crossing of the symbolic border between the new and the old city is a passage from a static, present time to a flowing linear time, not limited to the present. But the old Chronopolis in a sense has become a non-place, while the new one has been deprived of time, thus being characterized by non-time. Since these notions are represented by the terms, respectively, utopia and uchronia, ultimately this means a disappearing of Chronopolis on an imaginary Cartesian graph displaying it.


Keywords


James Graham Ballard; Chronopolis; Chronotope; Time; Space; Science Fiction

References


Bibliografia

AA.VV., Internazionale situazionista 1958-69 (Raccolta dei numeri della rivista), Torino, Nautilus, 1994a.

AA.VV., Re/Search Edizione italiana. J.G. Ballard, trad. it. di Giancarlo Carlotti e Sandrina Murer, Milano, Shake Edizioni, 1994b.

Bachtin, Michail, Estetica e romanzo, Torino, Einaudi, 2001.

Ballard, James Graham, Chronopolis and Other Stories, London, Putnam, 1971.

Ballard, James Graham, Chronopolis, Id., Incubo a quattro dimensioni, trad. it. di Beata della Frattina,Milano, Mondadori, 1978.

Ballard, James Graham, “What I believe”, Vale – Juno 1984.

Basso, Keith Hamilton, “Stalking with Stories: Names, Places, and Moral Narratives among the Western Apache”, Text, Play and Story, Ed. Edward M. Bruner, Proceedings of the American Ethnological Society, 1984.

Best, Janice, “The chronotope and the generation of meaning in novels and paintings”, Criticism, 36 (Spring 1994).

Bresson, Catherine, "Métaphores", 1983, cit. in Vale – Juno 1984.

Delville, Michel, J.G. Ballard, Plymouth, Northcote House, 1998.

Jung, Carl Gustav, Dizionario di psicologia analitica (1921), trad. it. di Cesare L. Musatti e Luigi Aurigemma, Torino, 1977: 85.

Marroni, Francesco,“ Chronopolis di J.G. Ballard: la città e il tempo”, AA.VV., La città e le stelle. Studi e Ricerche sulla Fantascienza 1, Milano, Editrice Nord, 1982.

Platone, Rossana, introduzione a Bachtin, Michail, Estetica e romanzo, Torino, Einaudi, 2001.

Stephenson, Gregory, Out of the Night and Into the Dream: A Thematic Study of the Fiction of J. G. Ballard, Westport (CT), Greenwood Press, 1991.

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Sitografia

Lockton, Dan, “J.G. Ballard & Architectures of Control”, January 3rd, 2008, www.ballardian.com, web.

McGrath, Rick, “Like Alice in Wonderland: Solveig Nordlund on J.G. Ballard”, August 24th, 2008, www.ballardian.com, web.

Smith, Matt, “The Work of Emotion: Ballard and the Death of Affect, Part IV. Psychic Landscapes, Physical Environments”, www.jgballard.ca, web.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13125/2039-6597/153

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunica-17578

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