An Oven Like a Snake
Hermeneutics and Truth In Some Jewish Sources
In this article some Jewish sources are taken into consideration in order to outline on one side a conflict, on the other a connection between truth and interpretation, prophecy and hermeneutics. These sources are the story of the akhnai‘s oven (Talmud Bavli, Bava Metzia 59 a-b), Maimonides’ Guide of the perplexed, Moses Mendelssohn’s Jerusalem, Hermann Cohen’s opus postumum, Emmanuel Levinas’ philosophical and Jewish writings. Through the analysis of these texts, belonging to Judaism and Jewish thought, about the problem of the relationship between the unity of truth and the plurality of opinions, the unconditional and the historical, the transcendent God and human activity within time, the article intends to point out a paradigm which could give suggestions to the discussion on the possibility of a critical hermeneutics.
Cohen, H. (1902-1912). System der Philosophie: Logik der reinen Erkenntnis; Ethik des reinen Willens; Ästhetik des reinen Gefühls. Berlin: Bruno Cassirer.
Cohen, H. (1994). Religione della ragione dalle fonti dell’ebraismo (1919, 2. ed. 1929). A cura di A. Poma, trad. it. di P. Fiorato. Cinisello Balsamo (Mi): Edizioni S. Paolo.
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Levinas, E. (1974). Autrement qu’être ou au-delà de l’essence. La Haye: Nijhoff.
Levinas, E. (2004), Una religione da adulti . In Id. Difficile li-bertà , a cura di Silvano Facioni. Milano: Jaca Book.
Maimonide, M. (2005). La guida dei perplessi. A cura di M. Zonta. To-rino: Utet.
Mendelssohn, M. (1990). Jerusalem ovvero sul potere religioso e il giudaismo . A cura di G. Auletta. Napoli: Guida.
Strauss, L. (1952). The Literary Character of ‘The Guide for the Per-plexed’ . In Id., Persecution and the Art of Writing. Glencoe, Ill.: The Free Press.
Talmud Bavli: Bava Metzia. The Noe Edition (2012ss.), Jerusalem: Koren Publ., vol. 26.
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