Merging Horizons: Possibilities of Immediate Understanding
From the philosophical hermeneutics Gadamer developed in his main work Truth and Method an ontological change was formulated: Being that can be understood is language. He talks about a fusion of horizons if understanding of texts or traditions is to succeed. First, this article examines Gadamer’s concept of understanding by contrasting it with Derrida’s deconstruction: How can we be sure that we really understand each other and not merely ourselves? Second, going beyond Gadamer, moments of social life are to be demonstrated where understanding succeeds immediately. The example of laughter clarifies that words are not the ultimate boarder of language. There are moments showing us a connection between each other in an almost immediate way. They expand the possibilities of our language for a successful understanding: Leaving room for them to happen increases the chance of understanding – in the scientific context of psychoanalysis and philosophy as well as in everyday communication.
Dilthey, W. (1974). Der Aufbau der geschichtlichen Welt in den Geis-teswissenschaften, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
Gadamer, H.-G. (1986). Gesammelte Werke in 10 Bänden. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
Gadamer, H.-G. (1992). Gedicht und Gespräch. Frankfurt am Main: Insel Verlag.
Gadamer, H.-G. (1993). Grenzen der Sprache (1985). In Gesammelte Werke. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
Gadamer, H.-G. (2010). Wahrheit und Methode. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
Hüttinger, C. 1998. Das Lachen – ein Stottern der Sprache. In C. Asmuth, F. Glauner & B. Mojsisch (Hrsg.), Die Grenzen der Sprache. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: Grüner
Nietzsche, F. 1954. Also sprach Zarathustra. München: Carl Hanser Verlag.
Plessner, H. 1941. Lachen und Weinen. Arnheim: Van Loghum Slaterus.
Prütting, L. 2013. Homo Ridens. München: Karl Alber Verlag.
Wittgenstein, L. 1963. Tractatus logico-philosophicus. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
Copyrights for articles published in Critical Hermeneutics are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal.
Critical Hermeneutics is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence CC BY 3.0
. With the licence CC-BY, authors retain the copyright, allowing anyone to download, reuse, re-print, modify, distribute and/or copy the contribution (edited version), on condition that credit is properly attributed to its author and that Critical Hermeneutics is mentioned as its first venue of publication.