Ontology and ontologies. Theoretical, political, and methodological debates

  • Florencia Tola CONICET, Instituto de Ciencias Antropológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Antonela dos Santos CONICET, Instituto de Ciencias Antropológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina


The investigation of the self, of what exists, and of the ontological properties of the cosmos is nothing new in the history of anthropology. In the last two decades, however, the discipline has undertaken an “ontological turn.” This perspective focuses on how different societies define the entities that inhabit the world and the relationships between them. The ontological turn is built upon the critiques of the Great Divide (nature/culture), and on Western naturalism as the modern dominant ontology. It is also a reaction to the linguistic turn that began to dominate in the 1980s. In this paper we present the most salient traditions of the ontological turn (the English, French, and North American), highlighting differences and similarities between them.


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Come citare
Tola, F., & dos Santos, A. (2020). Ontology and ontologies. Theoretical, political, and methodological debates. América Crítica, 4(2), 163-172. https://doi.org/10.13125/americacritica/4478